Arthritis is the scientific term for wear and tear of the joint.
As we age, the smooth gliding surface of the knee joint, which is also called as cartilage, starts getting thinner due to constant use throughout our life time. This process is continuous and irreversible and gradually the entire thickness of the cartilage is lost.
The purpose of the cartilage is to serve as cushion between the bones and to provide a frictionless gliding surface.
Once the cartilage gets worn out completely, the thigh bone (Femur) directly touches the shin bone (Tibia). At this point, patients start getting severe knee pain and the only option to treat this pain is to perform a Total Knee Replacement (TKR) surgery.
TKR is one of the most successful operations available today. It is an excellent procedure to improve the quality of life, take away pain and improve function. In general 90-95% of knee replacements survive 15 years, depending on age and activity level.Satisfactory results can be obtained in patients with realistic expectations.
Although most people are extremely happy with their new knee, complications can occur and you must be aware of these prior to making a decision.
If you have any further queries regarding Total Knee Replacement, please consult Dr.Kunal Dhurve.